Carbo Ceramics

PROPPANT TECHNOLOGIES

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CARBO CERAMICS & TECHNOLOGIES

Integrated technology solutions to enhance production, recovery and efficiency

Our technology portfolio is more comprehensive than ever. We offer more options to help you engineer integrated technology solutions to solve challenges, enhance production and achieve your economic objectives.

Proppant Technology Products:

Fracture Evaluation

Fracture Evaluation

Safely and efficiently evaluate your near-wellbore fracture height and width for the life of the well​.

High-transport Proppant

High-transport Proppant

High-transport proppant technology helps operators avoid the introduction of gel into their fracs while improving reservoir contact and fracture conductivity.

Proppant-delivered Production Assurance

Proppant-delivered Production Assurance

Technology that significantly reduces production maintenance requirements and costs, avoids workovers and eliminates the potential for production system failures.

Ultra-conductive Ceramic Proppant

Ultra-conductive Ceramic Proppant

Featuring KRYPTOSPHERE, the most conductive ceramic proppant for high pressure and high temperature fracture environments.

Microproppant

Microproppant

Ceramic microproppant reduces completion time, screen-out risks, and overall completion costs while improving the production contribution from all clusters and the reservoir matrix.

Proppant Pack Consolidation

Proppant Pack Consolidation

Proppant pack consolidation technology that creates a bonded, high integrity proppant pack with or without closure stress.

Proppant-delivered Flow Enhancement

Proppant-delivered Flow Enhancement

Increase production and recovery by freeing your fracture of water and water-based fluids with proppant-delivered flow enhancement technology.

Resin-coated Proppant

Resin-coated Proppant

Proppant products that include our CARBOBOND resin-coating technology that improves proppant strength and productivity.

Featured technology videos

Upcoming Events

SPE Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition

February 04-06, 2020

Resources

  • Product Specifications
  • Case Histories
  • Related Resources
Fracture Evaluation

Safely and efficiently evaluate your near-wellbore fracture height and width for the life of the well​. Learn More

Fracture Evaluation
High-transport Proppant

High-transport proppant technology helps operators avoid the introduction of gel into their fracs while improving reservoir contact and fracture conductivity. Learn More

High-transport Proppant
Microproppant

Ceramic microproppant reduces completion time, screen-out risks, and overall completion costs while improving the production contribution from all clusters and the reservoir matrix. Learn More

Microproppant
Proppant Pack Consolidation

Proppant pack consolidation technology that creates a bonded, high integrity proppant pack with or without closure stress. Learn More

Proppant Pack Consolidation
Proppant-delivered Flow Enhancement

Increase production and recovery by freeing your fracture of water and water-based fluids with proppant-delivered flow enhancement technology. Learn More

Proppant-delivered Flow Enhancement
Proppant-delivered Production Assurance

Technology that significantly reduces production maintenance requirements and costs, avoids workovers and eliminates the potential for production system failures. Learn More

Proppant-delivered Production Assurance
Resin-coated Proppant

Proppant products that include our CARBOBOND resin-coating technology that improves proppant strength and productivity. Learn More

Resin-coated Proppant
Ultra-conductive Ceramic Proppant

Featuring KRYPTOSPHERE, the most conductive ceramic proppant for high pressure and high temperature fracture environments. Learn More

Ultra-conductive Ceramic Proppant

Title

Location

Single-treatment scale prevention sustains production: Utah
Uinta Basin, Utah

SCALEGUARD proppant-delivered inhibition keeps oil flowing, eliminates frequent, high-cost remediation. Learn More

Single-treatment scale prevention sustains production: Utah
SCALEGUARD shows potential to double production life: Manitoba
Manitoba, Canada

Using SCALEGUARD avoids costly remediation and production decline due to severe scale deposition. Learn More

Traceable proppant provides fracture height to improve performance in low-permeability reservoir
Putumayo Basin, Colombia

Pilot study uses neutron log detection to identify chemical marker in formation Learn More

Traceable proppant provides fracture height to improve performance in low-permeability reservoir
Safely charting the course for emerging play development: Middle East
Middle East

CARBONRT inert tracer technology validates diversion effectiveness, provides keen insight for future unconventional completions. Learn More

Safely charting the course for emerging play development: Middle East
New technology sets IP milestone in deep gas well: Pennsylvania
Greene County, PA

KRYPTOSPHERE LD reduces completion costs while delivering among Utica’s highest flow rates Learn More

New technology sets IP milestone in deep gas well: Pennsylvania
Study shows avoiding overflushing could hike production 10%: Permian
Permian, West Texas

Sweeping fracture-height analysis with non-radioactive tracer projects 30% higher near-wellbore conductivity. Learn More

Study shows avoiding overflushing could hike production 10%: Permian

Title

Resource Type

CARBOAIR vs Sand

CARBOAIR significantly lower density can be used to replace the same volume of sand proppant reducing the use of water & chemicals.  Watch this short clip to see this technology at work. Learn More

CARBOAIR  vs Sand
FUSION proppant pack consolidation technology

Watch CARBO's FUSION proppant pack consolidation technology at work. With FUSION, you can now create a bonded, high integrity proppant pack without closure stress. Providing well integrity critical to inject and produce at ultra-high rates required to improve well economics and increase EUR.  Learn More

FUSION proppant pack consolidation technology
CARBOAIR high-transport, ultra low-density ceramic proppant technology

Watch this video to see how CARBOAIR high-transport, ultra low-density ceramic proppant technology can increase your production.  Learn More

CARBOAIR high-transport, ultra low-density ceramic proppant technology
KRYPTOSPHERE Animation

Watch to see how KRYPTOSPHERE LD ultra-conductive, low-density ceramic proppant technology significantly exceeds the conductivity, compressive strength and durability of existing low-density proppant. Learn More

KRYPTOSPHERE Animation
FRACTUREVISION: Proppant-delivered Fracture Evaluation Services

Learn more about our proppant-delivered fracture evaluation services. Learn More

FRACTUREVISION: Proppant-delivered Fracture Evaluation Services
Fracture Technologies

Develop integrated solutions to optimize well performance and optimize returns with CARBO's innovative fracture and proppant technologies.  Learn More

Fracture Technologies
KRYPTOSPHERE Ultra-conductive Ceramic Proppant Technology

Build higher production and increase ROI throughout the life of your well with KRYPTOSPHERE technology. Learn More

KRYPTOSPHERE Ultra-conductive Ceramic Proppant Technology
Proppant-Delivered Production Assurance

Reduce your costs and increase production with the GUARD family of proppant-delivered production assurance technologies Learn More

Proppant-Delivered Production Assurance
CARBO Production Enhancement Solutions

Increase your production and optimize your frac with CARBO's production-enhancing technology Learn More

CARBO Production Enhancement Solutions
Low Density Proppant in Slickwater Applications Improves Reservoir Contact and Fracture Complexity - A Permian Basin Case History

The use of slickwater fluid systems in hydraulic fracture design has grown tremendously in recent years relative to "conventional" linear gel or cross-linked fluid systems. The primary drivers for this change in design methodology are cost, proppant pack damage minimization, fracture complexity and environmental footprint. The efficiency of proppant placement in the fracture using slickwater systems remains a subject of ongoing research none-the-less. Learn More

The Development and Qualification of a Novel Proppant System to Enhance Performance of High Rate Soft Sand Water Injection Wells With Cased Hole Sand Control Completions

With the rapid increase in number of major development projects in soft sand reservoirs in the last 20 years the industry has had to develop a range of sand control completion technologies to deliver high rate, reliable wells to support the production and injection. Learn More

The Development and Qualification of a Novel Proppant System to Enhance Performance of High Rate Soft Sand Water Injection Wells With Cased Hole Sand Control Completions
New Technology Yields Ultra-High Strength Proppant

Nearly all of the proppant available on the market today can be classified into one of three tiers – sand, resin-coated sand and ceramic. The products contained in these three tiers have served the industry well and have typically covered the broad spectrum of applications required by completions engineers. Learn More

Ultra-High Strength Proppant Developed for Deep, Offshore Completions

As the industry has moved to the development of deeper reservoirs, drilling and completion equipment have undergone significant upgrades to allow for the successful exploitation of these higher pressure, higher temperature applications. Learn More

Pioneering a New Method to Prevent Scale in Deep Water, High Pressure Reservoirs - A Gulf of Mexico Case Study

Production of hydrocarbons in deep water reservoirs involves the economical flow of hydrocarbons from the reservoir to the point of sale. One important consideration is effectively preventing / handling solid deposits which can be both organic (i.e. paraffin, asphaltenes) and inorganic (i.e. calcite, barite, halite) in nature. Learn More

Ultra-High-Strength Proppant: An Update on Deepwater Applications in the Gulf of Mexico

With the advent of the development of lower Tertiary formations in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico, a gap in proppant technology was identified at the beginning of the decade. No existing conventional proppant could provide the required conductivity at the anticipated 15,000 psi (and higher) prevailing closure stress. To meet these challenges a new proppant was developed, with the goal of achieving twice the baseline conductivity of any conventional proppant at 20,000 psi. Learn More

Hydraulic Fracturing Design to Unlock Light Tight Oil Resources in South Oman

Field "A" produces from a mixed-wet formation comprising of fine grained silicilite. The field is a sour light tight oil reservoir with permeability range from 0.001 – 0.1 mD, the only way to flow the existing vertical wells is through hydraulic fracs. Historically the wells have been fracced using water based frac fluids, which have caused severe negative consequences related to well integrity and reduced productivity. Learn More

Twenty Years, One Fracture and the Future of a North Sea Asset

The Andrew asset is a strategic hub for BP in the Central North Sea and has been producing from the Palaeocene oil reservoir for the past twenty-two years through a small fixed platform. Learn More

Julia Case History of the Stimulation and Lower Completion to Meet the 10kpsi Drawdown Tertiary Challenge

The Lower Tertiary Wilcox Julia field is a large resource with low permeability (average 10 mD) and 20 cP in-situ viscosity oil. In order to achieve optimum production rates and ultimate recovery, ultra-high 10,000 psi drawdown is required from a multi-zone fracture stimulated lower completion. Learn More

Sieve Distribution vs Sand Retention: The Impact of Mono-Sieved Gravel on Sand Control

Traditional sand control sizing has typically been based on "standard", wide-sieve gravel distributions (i.e. 20/40, 16/30, etc). Learn More

Recent Advancements in Far-Field Proppant Detection

The combination of multistage hydraulic fracture treatments with horizontal drilling technology has been the primary driver to the successful development of resource plays. Learn More

A New Nuclear Method to Locate Proppant Placement in Induced Fractures

Traditional proppant placement evaluation in hydraulically induced fractures utilizes detection of radioactive tracers pumped downhole with the "frac?? slurry. Learn More

Field Application of a New Proppant Detection Technology

Traditional proppant placement evaluation in hydraulically induced fractures has utilized detection of radioactive tracers pumped down hole with the proppant. Learn More

Far-Field Proppant Detection Using Electromagnetic Methods - Latest Field Results

Over 100 billion lbm of proppant are placed annually in wells across the globe, with the majority in unconventional reservoirs. The location of the proppant in these horizontal wells and formations is critical to understanding reservoir drainage, well spacing and stage spacing. Learn More

Improvements in Downhole Chemical Delivery: Development of Multifunctional Proppants

Ceramic proppants can provide the highest fracture conductivity under most conditions relative to natural frac sand and resin coated sands. Learn More

Effective Scale Prevention Using Chemically Infused Proppant - A Uinta Basin Case History

Scale deposition down hole is a well-known and common production problem throughout the industry. Successful treatment of scale where it is first deposited near wellbore can be challenging in many cases, and sometimes impossible in others. Learn More

Pioneering a New Method to Prevent Scale in Deep Water, High Pressure Reservoirs - A Gulf of Mexico Case Study

Production of hydrocarbons in deep water reservoirs involves the economical flow of hydrocarbons from the reservoir to the point of sale. Learn More

A Novel Technique for Determining Screen Failure in Offshore Wells: A GOM Case History

Offshore completions in the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) must typically address sand control. Our industry has made significant progress with respect to sand control equipment and implementation. Learn More

A New Method to Identify Proppant Location in Induced Fractures

A new technique is discussed and tested in this work for proppant placement determination. A high thermal neutron capture compound (HTNCC) is inseparably incorporated into a ceramic proppant during manufacturing in sufficiently low concentration that it does not affect proppant properties. Learn More

Field Study Compares Hydraulic Fracture Diagnostic Technologies

raditional proppant placement evaluation in hydraulically induced fractures utilize detection of radioactive (R/A) tracers such as iridium 192, scandium 46 and antimony 124, which are manufactured in nuclear reactors, and then shipped to the wellsite and pumped downhole with the frac slurry. Learn More

Field Application of New Proppant Detection Technology - A Case History of the Putumayo Basin of Colombia

Traditional fracture-height and/or proppant-placement evaluation following a hydraulic fracture stimulation treatment has relied on the detection of radioactive (R/A) tracers pumped downhole with the proppant. Learn More

Novel Traceable Proppant Enables Propped Frac Height Measurement While Reducing the Environmental Impact

Fracture height is typically used by fracturing engineers to calibrate propagation models. Having an accurate height measurement reduces the uncertainty and non uniqueness of fracture pressure matching, better determining placed frac length and width, stress profile across the target zone and its boundaries, and fracture containment. Learn More

Traceable Proppant Eliminates Need For Radioactive Detection Material

A new ceramic proppant has made detection possible without placing radioactive material downhole. Learn More

Fracture Optimization Applying a Novel Traceable Proppant and a Refined Mechanical Earth Model in the Congo Onshore

Fracture stimulation has been adopted as an integral part of the completion inthe M'Boundi field given the results achieved in enhancing well productivity,as well as the positive impact realized on field development economics. Learn More

Hydraulic Fracture Geometry Evaluation Using Proppant Detection: Experiences in Saudi Arabia

Accurate determination of the propped fracture geometry compared to the stimulation design can help fine-tune geomechanical models and to optimize future hydraulic fracture treatments. Learn More

A New Nuclear Logging Method to Locate Proppant Placement in Induced Fractures

Traditional proppant placement evaluation in hydraulically induced fractures uses detection of radioactive tracers such as iridium-192, scandium-46 and antimony-124, which are manufactured in nuclear reactors and then shipped to the wellsite and pumped downhole with the frac slurry. Learn More

Environmental Stewardship: Global Applications of a Non-Radioactive Method to Identify Proppant Placement and Propped Fracture Height

Accurate assessment of intervals receiving proppant and the determination of near well bore fracture heights are valuable in assessing and optimizing stimulation strategies. Learn More

Application of Integrated Advanced Diagnostics and Modeling To Improve Hydraulic Fracture Stimulation Analysis and Optimization

Economic development of unconventional resources relies heavily on the effectiveness of propped hydraulic fracture stimulation treatments (HFS or “fracs”). Learn More

Application of Integrated Advanced Diagnostics and Modeling To Improve Hydraulic Fracture Stimulation Analysis and Optimization

Economic development of unconventional resources relies heavily on the effectiveness of propped hydraulic fracture stimulation treatments (HFS or “fracs”). Learn More

Reducing Hydraulic Fracturing HSE Footprint through the Application of a Non-Radioactive Method for Proppant Placement and Propped Fracture Height Assessment

The identification of intervals receiving proppant and accurate assessment of near wellbore fracture height are valuable in evaluating and optimizing stimulation strategies. Learn More

Fracture Optimization Applying a Novel Traceable Proppant and a Refined Mechanical Earth Model in the Congo Onshore

Fracture stimulation has been adopted as an integral part of the completion in the “M” field given the results achieved in enhancing well productivity, as well as the positive impact realized on field development economics. Learn More

Can Proppants Do More Than Hold The Fracture Open?

In the 1940’s experimental fracture treatments were performed without proppant. However in most formations unpropped fractures heal quickly with no sustained benefit, and in 1947 river sand was introduced as proppant. Learn More

Non-Radioactive Detectable Proppant First Applications in Algeria for Hydraulic Fracturing Treatments Optimization

Bir Rebaa Nord (BRN) and Bir Sif Fatima (BSF) fields, operated by Groupement Sonatrach-Agip (GSA, a JV between ENI and Sonatrach), are located in the Berkine basin in north-eastern Algeria. Learn More

A Determination of the Capability of Using Gadolinium Tagged Proppant To Evaluate Propped Fracture Width

The ability of induced fractures to improve well production is dependent upon three primary characteristics of the fracture geometry: fracture height, fracture width, and fracture length. Learn More

Development and Field Testing of a Novel Technology for Evaluating Gravel Packs and Fracture Packs

Many completions require some sort of pack to prevent fines migration associated with the high production rates necessary for economic recovery. Learn More

New Applications of Multidetector Pulsed Neutron Technologies in Gravel Pack Completions

Gravel Pack (GP) and Frac Pack (FP) are common sand control completion designs. There are various well known methods to evaluate effectiveness of gravel placement in the screen - casing annulus, allowing top of pack detection, void location and gross pack quality assurance. Learn More

A Novel Technology for Locating and Evaluating Hydraulic Fractures in Horizontal Wells – Modeling and Field Results

Non-radioactive tracer tagged proppant technology has been used successfully in over 200 vertical wells to obtain fracture height and gravel pack coverage, but had yet to be modeled or tested in horizontal wells, where the borehole and fracture geometry is radically different. Learn More

First Successful Proppant Fracturing Treatment in Cretaceous Carbonate formation in Kuwait – Part II Tuba Reservoir

Proppant fracturing treatments in sandstone formations are routinely executed in Kuwait, however when carbonate formations are the target, acid fracturing is the preferred treatment method. Learn More

Novel Proppant Surface Treatment Yields Enhanced Multiphase Flow Performance and Improved Hydraulic Fracture Clean-Up

This paper describes the development and testing of a new proppant designed to exhibit a neutrally wet surface. The modified surface does not have a preferential affinity for oil, gas, or water and therefore will not promote the preferential entrapment of any phase within the proppant pack. Learn More

Can Proppants Do More Than Hold The Fracture Open?

In the 1940’s experimental fracture treatments were performed without proppant. However in most formations unpropped fractures heal quickly with no sustained benefit, and in 1947 river sand was introduced as proppant. Learn More

Controlling Proppant Wettability Leads to Increase Flowback Recovery and Flow in Frac-Packs

Recovery of frac-pack fluids is often poor in offshore operations. Large amounts of stimulation fluids left in the fracture may leak-off into the porous formation or block part of the proppant pack thus impairing hydrocarbon production. Learn More

Can Proppants Do More Than Hold The Fracture Open?

In the 1940’s experimental fracture treatments were performed without proppant. However in most formations unpropped fractures heal quickly with no sustained benefit, and in 1947 river sand was introduced as proppant. Learn More

A Novel Technology for Providing Long Term Scale Prevention in an Alaskan North Slope Waterflood

Most North Slope Alaska oilfields undergo waterflood for pressure maintenance and improved oil recovery. Both recycled produced water, as well as treated seawater are injected into the reservoir which then mixes with connate water in the formation. Learn More

Sieve Distribution vs Sand Retention: The Impact of Mono-Sieved Gravel on Sand Control

Traditional sand control sizing has typically been based on "standard", wide-sieve gravel distributions (i.e. 20/40, 16/30, etc). Historic sand retention testing has therefore been limited to these standard gravel (i.e. proppant) sizes. Learn More

Prevention of Halite Formation and Deposition in Horizontal Wellbores: A Multi Basin Developmental Study

Halite scale is a wide spread problem throughout several basins in the United States. This scale can form in surface equipment, downhole tubulars as well as affecting production. Traditional remediation of halite can be accomplished by dissolving the scale in fresh water as well as recycled water. Learn More

Can Proppants Do More Than Hold The Fracture Open?

In the 1940’s experimental fracture treatments were performed without proppant. However in most formations unpropped fractures heal quickly with no sustained benefit, and in 1947 river sand was introduced as proppant. Learn More

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